Human Rights and Business Ethics

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Birchall, D. (2022). Human Rights and Business Ethics. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_1293-1
AuthorsBirchall, D.
Abstract

The phrase “human rights” commonly refers to the rights that all human beings have simply in virtue of being human (Griffin 2008). The idea is rooted in the notion of “natural rights,” which in turn is grounded in the belief that ethics is immanent and, at least to an extent, objective and universal in nature. This belief has been characteristic of several religious and spiritual traditions since ancient times (e.g., God-given rights in Abrahamic religions, laws of Nature in Stoicism). For the better part of the human history, however, natural rights were understood as being unequally distributed among people, as is exemplified by the plethora of kings throughout history who inherited the crown by reference to their divine right to rule. The Enlightenment period secularized the notion of natural rights and conceptualized the idea of human rights that every human being is entitled to regardless of race, sex, nationality, ethnicity, language, religion, and status. Following the end of the Second World War, the newly formed United Nations adopted the UN Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR), codifying a set of global human rights that would soon become a mainstream variant of ethics and obligations.

KeywordsHuman rights; business ethics; corporations; claim rights
Year2022
PublisherSpringer Nature
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_1293-1
Web address (URL)https://link.springer.com/referenceworkentry/10.1007/978-3-319-23514-1_1293-1
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Open
Publication dates
Print01 Feb 2022
Publication process dates
Deposited28 Nov 2022
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