Accurate Metering and Billing of Ambient Loop Systems

Journal article


Ye, Z. and Kvist, J. (2022). Accurate Metering and Billing of Ambient Loop Systems . International Journal of Thermofluids . 16, p. 100239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijft.2022.100239
AuthorsYe, Z. and Kvist, J.
Abstract

In order to reduce the operational energy consumption in the heating and cooling of buildings, the building industry is exploring methods of combining district heating and cooling networks where tenants’ premises are equipped with individual water source heat pumps. This has the potential to create an ambient loop where tenants can exchange heat with each other, and a main source of heating or cooling can top up the energy demand of the loop. A challenge that arises in such a system is how the landlord can accurately bill tenants when energy is shared between tenants via the landlord’s services loop. This study takes a theoretical approach on one potential solution where the billing model is developed to use data from energy meters and electricity meters, analyze the operational modes of the components in the system and proportion the energy usage accordingly.

KeywordsAmbient Loop, Heat Pump, Metering, Billing
Year2022
JournalInternational Journal of Thermofluids
Journal citation16, p. 100239
PublisherElsevier
ISSN2666-2027
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijft.2022.100239
Web address (URL)https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2666202722001021?via%3Dihub
Publication dates
Print02 Nov 2022
Publication process dates
Accepted25 Oct 2022
Deposited07 Nov 2022
Publisher's version
License
File Access Level
Open
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