Do Pakistani Corporate Governance Reforms restore the relationship of Trust on Banking sector through Good Governance and Disclosure Practices

Journal article

Muhammad, A. (2021). Do Pakistani Corporate Governance Reforms restore the relationship of Trust on Banking sector through Good Governance and Disclosure Practices. International Journal of Disclosure and Governance.
AuthorsMuhammad, A.

Trust is the focal point of this thesis. Trust is an integral part of capitalist economics and, therefore, corporate governance. The relationship of trust serves as a bond and
brings together different individuals of diverse interests to work along to fulfil their objectives . But in the last two decades, this relationship of trust badly shaken due to
various reasons. In order to resort the bond of trust, policymakers in different jurisdictions have developed and introduced various policies and procedures. The same effort has been made by the Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan (SECP), as it developed and implemented the country first Corporate Governance Code in 2002 and revised them twice in 2012 and 2017. But making rules, regulations,
procedures and policies are only one aspect of restoring the relationship of trust. The rules can be made very strong and as fancy as possible, but only the implementation, compliance, and actions make them effective. Therefore, this paper empirically examines and evaluates the SECP Corporate Governance Code and tries to find out to what degree the SECP has succeeded in restoring the relationship of trust. The study has developed a Governance Disclosure Quality Index (GQI) using guidelines identified in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD, 2006). In contrast with the previous studies in Corporate Governance domains, which mainly examined and compared the Corporate Governance practices between developing and developed countries, this study examines and compares the Corporate
Governance practices within a single country, but in three different time periods. The research's main findings show that the Governance Disclosure Quality of the Pakistani
listed banks in their annual reports enhanced (and so trust) after each revision of the SECP Corporate Governance Code.

KeywordsCorporate Governance Code, Governance disclosure quality, Trust, Banking Sector, Regulatory and legislative compliance, Best practices.
JournalInternational Journal of Disclosure and Governance
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Publication dates
Print03 Dec 2021
Publication process dates
Accepted22 Nov 2021
Deposited08 Dec 2021
Accepted author manuscript
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