Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Can Restore Normal Spine Mechanics following Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture.

Journal article


Lou, J, Adams, MA and Dolan, P (2010). Vertebroplasty and Kyphoplasty Can Restore Normal Spine Mechanics following Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture. Journal of Osteoporosis. 2010, pp. 1-9.
AuthorsLou, J, Adams, MA and Dolan, P
Abstract

Osteoporotic vertebral fractures often lead to pain and disability. They can be successfully treated, and possibly prevented, by injecting cement into the vertebral body, a procedure known as vertebroplasty. Kyphoplasty is similar, except that an inflatable balloon is used to restore vertebral body height before cement is injected. These techniques are growing rapidly in popularity, and a great deal of recent research, reviewed in this paper, has examined their ability to restore normal mechanical function to fractured vertebrae. Fracture reduces the height and stiffness of a vertebral body, causing the spine to assume a kyphotic deformity, and transferring load bearing to the neural arch. Vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty are equally able to restore vertebral stiffness, and restore load sharing towards normal values, although kyphoplasty is better at restoring vertebral body height. Future research should optimise these techniques to individual patients in order to maximise their beneficial effects, while minimising the problems of cement leakage and adjacent level fracture.

Year2010
JournalJournal of Osteoporosis
Journal citation2010, pp. 1-9
PublisherLondon South Bank University
ISSN2042-0064
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.4061/2010/729257
Publication dates
Print20 Jun 2010
Publication process dates
Deposited30 Nov 2017
Accepted06 May 2010
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/87q18

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