Automobile design history – what can we learn from the behavior at the edges?

Journal article


Dowlen, C (2013). Automobile design history – what can we learn from the behavior at the edges? International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation. 1 (3), pp. 177-192.
AuthorsDowlen, C
Abstract

The paper is developed from a larger evaluation of the history of automobile design. This evaluation used categorical principal component analysis to analyze the direction of the product history, investigating how automobiles developed from 1878 to the present (2013), particularly focusing on whether automobile designers appear to be working within what are termed product paradigms. Rather than looking at how design thinking and paradigms became established in automobile design, this paper takes a sideways look at the variations and quirky automobiles that have been built by investigating the outliers of the analysis and categorizing them into three categories: those that are always outside of general trends, those that are throwbacks to earlier thinking and those that are innovative and ahead of later thinking. The paper ends with a brief look at how and why novelty might become innovation and hence alter the course of the greater product history rather than remaining outliers, interesting as they are. This is where the novelty demonstrates significant advantages for the customer and manufacturer. The conclusion is that the process of investigating statistical outliers is useful and may lead to insights when investigating changes, developments and innovations and their causes.

Keywordsautomotive design; product history; principal components analysis; innovation; outliers; out-of-the-box thinking
Year2013
JournalInternational Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation
Journal citation1 (3), pp. 177-192
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.1080/21650349.2013.768372
Web address (URL)http://www.tandfonline.com
Publication dates
Print27 Feb 2013
Publication process dates
Deposited15 Aug 2017
Accepted11 Jan 2013
Accepted author manuscript
License
CC BY 4.0
Permalink -

https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/8793w

  • 2
    total views
  • 35
    total downloads
  • 1
    views this month
  • 3
    downloads this month

Related outputs

Doing engineering design: Reflections on the active learning experience
Dowlen, C and Townsend, B (2011). Doing engineering design: Reflections on the active learning experience. 13th International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. London, UK 08 - 09 Sep 2011 London South Bank University. pp. 216-221
The challenges of becoming agile – experiences from new product development in industry and design education
Ovesen, N and Dowlen, C (2012). The challenges of becoming agile – experiences from new product development in industry and design education. International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Artesis University College, Antwerp, Belgium 06 - 07 Sep 2012 London South Bank University.
Hot potatoes and double diamond in a whiz: can techniques and processes really lead to innovation?
Dowlen, C (2012). Hot potatoes and double diamond in a whiz: can techniques and processes really lead to innovation? International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Artesis University College, Antwerp, Belgium 06 - 07 Sep 2012 London South Bank University.
Creativity in car design – the behaviour at the edges
Dowlen, C (2012). Creativity in car design – the behaviour at the edges. The 2nd International Conference on Design Creativity (ICDC2012). Glasgow, UK 18 - 20 Sep 2012 London South Bank University.
How else might we learn to do design? Alternative visions for future development of skills for the profession
Dowlen, C (2013). How else might we learn to do design? Alternative visions for future development of skills for the profession. International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Dublin Institute of Technology, Dublin, Ireland 05 - 06 Sep 2013 London South Bank University.
Developing innovation in higher education: the catalytic effect of conference attendance
Dowlen, C (2015). Developing innovation in higher education: the catalytic effect of conference attendance. International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Loughborough University, Design School, Loughborough, UK 03 - 04 Sep 2015 London South Bank University.
Enhancing sustainable design - the use of national and international standards in design education.
Dowlen, C, Ledsome, C, Griffiths, B, Potter, C and Winfield, P (2016). Enhancing sustainable design - the use of national and international standards in design education. International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Aalborg University, Denmark 08 - 09 Sep 2016 London South Bank University.
Assessment of professional competence in engineering, product design – and higher education–speculative directions for developing practice
Dowlen, C (2016). Assessment of professional competence in engineering, product design – and higher education–speculative directions for developing practice. International Conference on Engineering and Product Design Education. Aalborg University, Denmark 08 - 09 Sep 2016 London South Bank University.
Design Paradigms in Car History
Dowlen, C (2017). Design Paradigms in Car History. PhD Thesis London South Bank University Engineering: Mechanical and Design and Business: Business and Enterprise