True or false memory? Evidence that naïve observers have difficulty identifying false memories of emotional events, especially for audio-only accounts.
Shaw, J. (2015). True or false memory? Evidence that naïve observers have difficulty identifying false memories of emotional events, especially for audio-only accounts. The annual meeting of the Society for Applied Research on Memory and Cognition. Victoria, Canada. 24 - 27 Jun 2015 London South Bank University.
Two studies examined whether naïve observers could differentiate between accounts by individuals describing rich true and false memories of emotional and criminal events. To test the potential role of cognitive load on accuracy, observers were either provided regular videos, muted videos, or audio-only accounts. In all video conditions participants only scored minimally different from the level of chance at identifying false memories. In the audio-only condition, accuracy was significantly impaired. Comparative evaluations were overall less accurate than absolute judgments, and self-reported cues used to make evaluations proved uninformative. Implications for memory researchers and legal scholars are discussed.
|Keywords||false memory, interviewing, interrogation, confession|
|Publisher||London South Bank University|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
File Access Level
|24 Jun 2015|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||12 Dec 2016|
|Accepted||24 Jun 2015|
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