Behavioural Effects of a Citizen’s Income on wages, job security and labour supply
Gray, A (2017). Behavioural Effects of a Citizen’s Income on wages, job security and labour supply. Citizen’s Income Newsletter. 2017 (2), pp. 4-12.
What would be the effect of a citizen’s income (CI), aka basic income or BI, on wage levels – how would employers respond to its introduction? What would be its effect on the supply of labour, and on the total amount of paid work done in the economy? Would we still need a legally enforced minimum wage? This article explores the behavioural effects of a BI, on workers, jobseekers and employers. It first examines contrasting hypotheses as to the effects on wages and labour supply, then use official data to make a rough estimate of these effects for individuals in different socioeconomic and household circumstances. Analysis indicates that a Minimum Wage will remain essential after the introduction of a modest BI, to prevent the latter substituting for wages and job security, especially in the case of individuals in less advantaged circumstances.
|Keywords||benefits citizens' income welfare|
|Journal||Citizen’s Income Newsletter|
|Journal citation||2017 (2), pp. 4-12|
|Publisher||London South Bank University|
|01 Apr 2017|
|Publication process dates|
|Deposited||05 Dec 2017|
|Accepted||10 Oct 2016|
|Accepted author manuscript|
CC BY 4.0
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