Improving Victim Satisfaction In Volume Crime Investigations: The Role Of Police Actions And Victim Characteristics

PhD Thesis


Aihio, N (2017). Improving Victim Satisfaction In Volume Crime Investigations: The Role Of Police Actions And Victim Characteristics. PhD Thesis London South Bank University School of Applied Sciences
AuthorsAihio, N
TypePhD Thesis
Abstract

Victim satisfaction plays a critical role in police-victim encounters. Satisfaction could affect victims’ willingness to co-operate and report future offences. This thesis explored several factors that affect victim satisfaction. As police conduct is guided by policies such as the Code of Practice for Victims of Crime, the thesis also investigated whether police emotional responses to victims had an effect on performing actions that are expected under the policy and also affect victim satisfaction. Overall, the thesis considered variables not often included in satisfaction research, victim vulnerability, introduced a new way for assessing victim distress, and explored psychological factors that could explain why certain police helping behaviours do not occur. Therefore, the thesis considers police-victim encounters as a system where both police and victim influence each other and added new ideas and evidence to the literature. The thesis reported results from four studies that utilised both quantitative and qualitative data and also, used longitudinal and experimental methods. Study 1 tested a model combining perceived police actions (updates, taking cases seriously, and offering practical help) and victim variables (reassurance and self-reported vulnerability) to predict victim satisfaction. The model predicted victim satisfaction with reassurance as the best predictor. Faster police response and more follow-up contact emerged as the most cited factors in burglary victims' responses to how police could improve their services. Study 2 explored victims' self-reported vulnerability and its relationship with demographics. It was concluded that no meaningful assumptions could be made about vulnerability based on demographic groups. Study 3 was longitudinal and identified a short assessment tool that could be used to predict victim distress post-victimisation. Study 4 explored police attributions, victim reactions towards the police, and the likelihood of police helping behaviours. Negative victim reactivity and negative emotion toward the victim was found to relate to the likelihood of helping behaviours such as contacting victims. The thesis results have implications for policy and practice in terms of providing evidence for the importance of victim policy compliance and proposes a review of vulnerability terminology in the criminal justice context to align an official definition with victim self-reports. The findings could also be used to benefit both the police in maintaining or improving satisfaction, and victims of crime as they proceed through the Criminal Justice system.

Year2017
PublisherLondon South Bank University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)doi:10.18744/PUB.001362
Publication dates
Print14 Sep 2017
Publication process dates
Deposited02 Oct 2017
Completed31 Aug 2017
FunderMetropolitan Police Service
London South Bank University
Publisher's version
License
CC BY 4.0
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https://openresearch.lsbu.ac.uk/item/86xqx

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Related outputs

Crime Victims’ Demographics Inconsistently Relate to Self-Reported Vulnerability
Aihio, N, Frings, D, Wilcock, R and Burrell, P (2016). Crime Victims’ Demographics Inconsistently Relate to Self-Reported Vulnerability. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law. 24 (3), pp. 379-391.