Skewed intimacies and subcultural identities: Anne Boleyn and the expression of fealty in a social media forum

Prof Doc Thesis

Mayhew, MJ (2018). Skewed intimacies and subcultural identities: Anne Boleyn and the expression of fealty in a social media forum. Prof Doc Thesis London South Bank University School of Law and Social Sciences
AuthorsMayhew, MJ
TypeProf Doc Thesis

The aim of this research project was the investigation of a subculture surrounding the
famous Tudor queen Anne Boleyn; what that possible subculture means for those involved,
and if it constituted part of a new phenomenon of female orientated online subcultures;
cybersubcultures. Through the analysis of film, TV, historical literature and fiction, the
research illustrates how subcultures are perpetuated through generations cyclically. The
research then documents the transition from the traditional or ‘classic’ subcultural model of
the 60s to the 21st century cybersubculture and fandom, suggesting a new way of thinking
about subcultures in a post-subcultural age. The research suggests that the positioning of
Anne Boleyn as a feminist icon/role model, based mainly on a media-mediated image, has
formed a subculture which thrives on disjointed imagery and discourse in order to form a
subculture of peculiarly subtle resistance.
This new cybersubculture reflects the ways in which women are now able to use social
media to form communities and to communicate, sharing concerns over men and marriage,
all whilst percolating around the media-mediated image of Anne Boleyn as their starting
point. These interactions – and the similarities they shared with the ‘classic’ subcultural style
- form the data for this research project. The behaviours are analysed by using a symbolic
interactionism approach which best develops the relationship of the fans against this mediamediated
image; it show the ways in which the fans gain meaning through the various
media depictions of Anne Boleyn and then integrate them into their own lives, exploring
issues of masquerade and commodification in the process. Symbolic interactionism also
shows how fans engage with Anne Boleyn’s myriad representations as a wronged woman,
tragic figure, temptress and traitor. These images are then interpreted through a
contemporary ‘pseudo-feminist’ lens.
One of the underlying questions posed by the research is: do the fans sufficiently
understand the complexities and contradictions in moulding such a divisive figure into a
feminist icon? If so, then this can be seen as a ‘flawed project of persuasion’ on the part of
Anne Boleyn’s partisans, and part of modern fandom’s usurpation of the conventional
reading of texts as a whole. Regarding the question of the ‘flawed project of persuasion’,
the research hypothesises that these fans gravitate toward Anne Boleyn partly because she
is a contentious figure; feeling disenfranchised themselves, they covet an icon that also
projects that persona. As proto-feminists they have chosen a high-achiever, someone who
was challenging and remains challenging because of what they represent; this further
cements the fact that the fans are subcultural, because they are rebelling against the norm
in the choice of their icon – the fact Anne Boleyn herself rebelled against societal norms
only closes the case as far as they are concerned.

PublisherLondon South Bank University
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Publication dates
Print01 Feb 2018
Publication process dates
Deposited13 Apr 2018
Publisher's version
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