Microwave Imaging for Lung Covid-19 Infection Detection through Huygens Principle

Journal article


Khalesi, B., Khalid, B., Ghavami, N., Dudley, S., Ghavami, M. and Tiberi, G. (2021). Microwave Imaging for Lung Covid-19 Infection Detection through Huygens Principle. 2021 Photonics & Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS). https://doi.org/10.1109/piers53385.2021.9694816
AuthorsKhalesi, B., Khalid, B., Ghavami, N., Dudley, S., Ghavami, M. and Tiberi, G.
Abstract

This paper aims to show the capability of the Huygens Principle-based microwave imaging for use in Lung COVID-19 infection detection. Frequency-domain measurements have been performed in an anechoic chamber using two Microstrip antennas operating at frequency range of 1 to 5 GHz, in a multi-bistatic fashion, employing dedicated phantoms that mimic the dimensions and the dielectric properties of a human torso, containing a target mimicking an infection. A Multi-layered elliptically-shaped torso-mimicking phantom having the circumference of 82 cm has been constructed; the external layer mimics the dielectric properties of a combination of muscle, fat and rib bone tissues, the inner layer mimics the dielectric properties of lung (inflated). A cylindrically-shaped tube of water has been positioned inside the inner layer to dielectrically mimic the infection. The S 21 signals have been used for image reconstruction (after removing artifacts), obtaining detection with a signal to clutter ratio of 7 dB. Our results confirm that Huygens based technique can be successfully used for lung infection detection even if antennas and phantom are in free space, i.e., no coupling liquid is required.

Year2021
Journal2021 Photonics & Electromagnetics Research Symposium (PIERS)
PublisherIEEE
ISSN1559-9450
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)https://doi.org/10.1109/piers53385.2021.9694816
Publication dates
Online21 Nov 2021
Print03 Feb 2022
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Deposited23 May 2022
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Open
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© 2022 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. Permission from IEEE must be obtained for all other uses, in any current or future media, including reprinting/republishing this material for advertising or promotional purposes, creating new collective works, for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or reuse of any copyrighted component of this work in other works.

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Ghavami, M (2017). A Spatially Processed 3D Wideband Adaptive Conical Array System. IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband ICUWB’2017. Salamanca, Spain 12 - 15 Sep 2017 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
UWB Localization Employing Supervised Learning Method
Rana, S., Dey, M., Siddiqui, H., Tiberi, G., Ghavami, M. and Dudley, S (2017). UWB Localization Employing Supervised Learning Method. IEEE International Conference on Ubiquitous Wireless Broadband 2017. Salamanca, Spain 12 - 15 Sep 2017 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUWB.2017.8250971
A PID Inspired Feature Extraction for HVAC Terminal Units
Dey, M, Gupta, M, Rana, S., Turkey, M and Dudley, S (2017). A PID Inspired Feature Extraction for HVAC Terminal Units. IEEE Conference on Technologies for Sustainability (SusTech 2017). Phoenix, Arizona, USA 12 - 14 Nov 2017 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
UWB power propagation for bio-medical implanted devices
Ghafari, M, Brennan, P and Ghavami, M (2015). UWB power propagation for bio-medical implanted devices. 17th International Conference on E-health Networking, Application & Services (HealthCom). Boston, MA, USA 14 - 17 Oct 2015 London South Bank University. pp. 483 - 487 https://doi.org/10.1109/HealthCom.2015.7454551
Adaptive robust video broadcast via satellite
Altaf, M, Khan, FA, Khan, N, Ghanbari, M and Dudley, S (2016). Adaptive robust video broadcast via satellite. Multimedia Tools and Applications. 76 (6), pp. 7785-7801. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-016-3426-y
Experimental Realization of a Single-Phase Five Level Inverter for PV Applications
Loukriz, A, Dudley, S, Quinlan, T and Walker, S (2016). Experimental Realization of a Single-Phase Five Level Inverter for PV Applications. IEEE Workshop on Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL) 2016. Trondheim, Norway 27 - 30 Jun 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Huygens Principle based UWB Microwave Imaging Method for Skin Cancer Detection
Ghavami, N, Tiberi, G, Ghavami, M, Dudley, S and Lane, ME (2016). Huygens Principle based UWB Microwave Imaging Method for Skin Cancer Detection. 10th IEEE/IET International Symposium on Communication Systems, Networks and Digital Signal Processing. Prague, Czech Republic 20 - 22 Jul 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE).
Iterated Local Search Algorithm for Clustering Wireless Sensor Networks.
Dudley, S, Oladimeji, MO and Turkey, M (2016). Iterated Local Search Algorithm for Clustering Wireless Sensor Networks. 2016 IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC). Vancouver, Canada 24 - 29 Jul 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/CEC.2016.7744200
Development of a Wall Climbing Robotic Ground Penetrating Radar System for Inspection of Vertical Concrete Structures
Sattar, TP, Howlader, MOF and Dudley, S (2016). Development of a Wall Climbing Robotic Ground Penetrating Radar System for Inspection of Vertical Concrete Structures. International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering. 10 (8), pp. 1346-1352.
A heuristic crossover enhanced evolutionary algorithm for clustering wireless sensor network
Oladimeji, MO, Turkey, M and Dudley, S (2016). A heuristic crossover enhanced evolutionary algorithm for clustering wireless sensor network. EvoApplications Evostar 2016. Porto, Portugal 30 Mar - 01 Apr 2016 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-31204-0_17
Improving time–frequency domain sleep EEG classification via singular spectrum analysis
Mahvash Mohammadi, S., Kouchaki, S., Ghavami, M. and Sanei, S. (2016). Improving time–frequency domain sleep EEG classification via singular spectrum analysis. Journal of Neuroscience Methods. 273, pp. 96-106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneumeth.2016.08.008
A novel single-phase thirteen level inverter for photovoltaic application
Loukriz, A, Dudley, S, Messalti, S, Quinlan, T, Loukriz, A and Walker, S (2016). A novel single-phase thirteen level inverter for photovoltaic application. 8th International Conference on Modelling, Identification and Control (ICMIC-2016). Algiers, Algeria- November 15-17, 2016 15 - 17 Nov 2016 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 532-537 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICMIC.2016.7804170
Design of Interference-Resilient Medium Access for High Throughput WLANs
Reggiani, L., Gola, A., Maggio, G.M. and Tiberi, G. (2015). Design of Interference-Resilient Medium Access for High Throughput WLANs. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks. https://doi.org/10.1155/2015/659569
A semantic-enhanced trajectory visual analytics for digital forensic
Liao, Z.-F., Li, Y., Peng, Y., Zhao, Y., Zhou, F.-F., Liao, Z.-N., Dudley, S. and Ghavami, M. (2015). A semantic-enhanced trajectory visual analytics for digital forensic. Journal of Visualization. 18 (2), pp. 173 - 184. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12650-015-0276-z
Classification of awake, REM, and NREM from EEG via singular spectrum analysis
Mohammadi, SM, Enshaeifar, S, Ghavami, M and Sanei, S (2015). Classification of awake, REM, and NREM from EEG via singular spectrum analysis. International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Milan, Italy 25 - 29 Aug 2015 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319460
Automatic trust calculation for service-oriented systems
Ye, B., Nekovee, M., Pervez, A. and Ghavami, M. (2014). Automatic trust calculation for service-oriented systems. IET Software. 8 (3), pp. 134 - 142. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-sen.2013.0056
Ultra-wideband-based multilateration technique for indoor localisation
Onalaja, O., Adjrad, M. and Ghavami, M. (2014). Ultra-wideband-based multilateration technique for indoor localisation. IET COMMUNICATIONS. 8 (10), pp. 1800 - 1809. https://doi.org/10.1049/iet-com.2013.0815
Study of human being detection in an indoor environment using ultra wideband radar
Hassan Khausru, MA and Ghavami, M (2014). Study of human being detection in an indoor environment using ultra wideband radar. IEEE International Conference on Ultra-Wideband 2014. Paris, France Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 113 - 118 https://doi.org/10.1109/ICUWB.2014.6958961
Signal Detection Performance of Overlapped FFT Scheme with Additional Frames Consisting of Non-continuous Samples in Indoor Environment
Uchida, S., Sato, A., Inamori, M., Sanada, Y. and Ghavami, M. (2014). Signal Detection Performance of Overlapped FFT Scheme with Additional Frames Consisting of Non-continuous Samples in Indoor Environment. Wireless Personal Communications. 79 (2), pp. 987 - 1002. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11277-014-1899-4
A user-centric system architecture for residential energy consumption reduction
Vastardis, N, Adjrad, M, Buchanan, K, Liao, Z, Koch, C, Russo, R, Yang, K, Ghavami, M, Anderson, B and Dudley, S (2014). A user-centric system architecture for residential energy consumption reduction. IEEE Online Conference on Green Communications. Online 12 - 14 Nov 2014 Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). pp. 1-7 https://doi.org/10.1109/OnlineGreenCom.2014.7114423